Building a Foundation for School Discipline Reform
Access to high-quality data on school discipline is essential for eliminating disparities in school discipline practices and for developing policies that maximize student outcomes. State education agencies (SEAs) can play important leadership roles in helping schools and districts gather these data and in advancing equitable, data-driven approaches to school discipline.
There are five key action steps that SEAs can take to improve how they collect, publicly report, and use school discipline data. These steps include:
- Meeting all federal requirements for the collection, public reporting, and use of school discipline data;
- Incorporating measures of disproportionality in school discipline into state accountability systems;
- Building the capacity of districts and schools to collect, analyze, and use school discipline data effectively;
- Taking steps allowable under state law to expand SEAs’ collection, reporting, and use of school discipline data beyond federal requirements; and,
- Collaborating with stakeholders and leaders in other state and local agencies to improve the collection and use of data to inform policy and practice.